The International Day of Awareness on Food Loss and Waste Reduction is held every year on 29 September 2020. This is the first-ever conference of the Food Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. It was established by the United Nations in 2019.
Highlights Food Loss and Waste Reduction
Globally, 14% of food produced is lost between processing and retailing. The resources put to waste as food is lost. This involves land, electricity, water, labor, and money. Moreover, the disposal of food waste in landfills leads to greenhouse gas emissions, which then contribute to climate change. The food loss index was developed by the Food Agriculture Organization to reflect on the percentage of food lost from the supply chain. The Index also intends to enhance the Sustainable Development Target 12.3.
Sustainable development Goal
SDG 12.3 reports that the world will minimize global food waste by half per capita and eliminate food losses overproduction, supply chain, and post-harvest losses. Since 2014, food waste and losses have been increasing slowly. The day is observed this year with the following theme.
Theme: Stop Food Loss and waste for the People for the planet
It is an initiative of the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to help India overcome its food waste and hunger problem. This is achieved by the collaboration of several partner organizations.
Food wastage in India
India ranks 102nd among 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index. Approximately 21 million tonnes of wheat are wasted annually in India. As per the Ministry of Agriculture, Rs 50,000 crore worth of food is lost every year in India. In terms of food waste, 25% of the freshwater used to produce food is eventually lost.300 million barrels of oil used to produce food were also lost annually.
What is India’s position in the World Hunger Index?
GHI 2019 places India at 102 out of 117 countries. India was 103 out of 132 in 2018. The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool created to measure and track hunger internationally, regionally, and nationally.
When was the world International Day of Awareness on Food Loss and Waste Reduction observed?
On 19 December 2019, the UN General Assembly declared 29 September only as International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste.