World Heart Day 2020: History, Significance

World Heart Day is held every year on September 29. The day is observed to increase awareness of cardiovascular diseases. It was launched by the World Heart Foundation.

Highlights of the World Heart Day

The day is significant as cardiovascular diseases are now the leading cause of death, taking 17.9 million lives a year. It is also necessary for the day to spread awareness of the ill effects of tobacco smoking, physical inactivity, and an unhealthful lifestyle. With these precautions alone, the world will eliminate 80% of early deaths from heart disease.

  • India’s National Health Policy, launched in 2017, reducing overall deaths from cardiovascular diseases, asthma, cancer, and chronic respiratory diseases to 25 % by 2025.
  • The National Programme for Prevention and Diabetes, Control of Cancer, and Cardiovascular diseases were launched in 2010. The program focuses on early diagnosis, treatment, and health promotion and management.

The main features of the program are as follows

  • Promoting health through behavioral change
  • Expansion camps for opportunistic screening
  • Monitoring chronic non-communicable diseases, strokes, asthma, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
  • Providing diagnostic services and cost-effective treatment.
  • Non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, affect the effectiveness of the sustainable development plan for 2030.
  • One of the goals of the SDG is to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by one third by 2030.

Heart Diseases in India

  • India is facing a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. Kerala faces the highest chance of 19.5%, preceded by Jharkhand at 13.5%. The Body Mass Index is higher in the North, South, and North East. This has contributed to a rise in hypertension and diabetes.
  • Smoking is also another major risk factor for cardiovascular disease in India, particularly among poorer states such as Jharkhand.
  • Lifestyle and nutritional habits are other factors that play a significant role in these variations.

When was the world heart day observed?

World Heart Day is celebrated every year on 29 September by WHO. The World Heart Federation encourages people around the world to ‘Use Heart to Beat CVD’ with the message, ‘At the time of Covid-19, caring for your heart is more important than ever before.’

Which state got a high-risk factor in cardiovascular diseases?

Kerala faces the highest chance of cardiovascular disease such that 19.5%. The research measured the average 10-year chance of a CVD event using the Framingham risk index.

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